An innovative tool may be able to detect many types of cancer quickly with just a small drop of blood. Some types like ovarian cancer usually stay undetected until it’s too advanced for treatment to be effective, but researchers from the University of Kansas have developed an ultra-sensitive cancer-detective chip device.
This ground-breaking device is called “3D-nanopatterned microfluidic chip” and it detects cancer by filtering for microscopic vesicles that some eukaryotic cells produce, called exosomes. Exosomes contain biological information that can direct tumor growth and spread effectively, and while all cells produce these vesicles, tumor cells are really active as opposed to normal cells.
It works by draining the liquid when particles are moving closer to the sensor surface with a nonporous structure. Then, the particles get in contact with the surface where probes can recognize and capture the exosomes.
One of the best features of this device is how easy it is to make, as well as being cheap to produce. Soon, millions of patients will be able to test themselves in order to diagnose tumors and cancer prematurely. The 3-D nanoatterning method is also very adaptable, which allows researchers to use it to diagnose many different forms of cancer, as well as other diseases.
With medical innovations like this, we can finally see a brighter future in regard to cancer and many other diseases that can help people around the world have a better life.